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Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2013 Feb;33(1):23-34. doi: 10.1016/j.iac.2012.10.005. Epub 2012 Nov 27.

Tracheomalacia/Tracheobronchomalacia and hyperdynamic airway collapse.

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  • 1Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson Street, Denver, CO 80206, USA.


Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) and hyperdynamic airway collapse (HDAC) can be debilitating diseases associated with decreased functional capacity and poor quality of life, although there is no standard definition of this complex condition, and there are numerous terms used to describe it. The diverse etiology associated with TBM and HDAC can obscure and delay an accurate diagnosis for years. A thorough medical history is important in understanding possible causes and in guiding diagnostic testing. Medical history may also suggest what treatments may be most beneficial.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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