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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2013 Feb;10(2):182-8. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2012.1268. Epub 2013 Jan 21.

Effect of the enrichment medium on the detection and diversity of Salmonella from porcine duodenal content.

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  • 1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.


This study assesses the effect of the enrichment medium used on the isolation of Salmonella from the duodenal content of naturally infected slaughter pigs. At six slaughterhouses, the duodenum was collected from 458 randomly chosen pigs and examined in the laboratory. Three semi-solid enrichment media (modified semi-solid Rappaport-Vassiliadis medium [MSRV], diagnostic semi-solid Salmonella medium [DIASALM], and Simple Method Salmonella [SMS] agar) and three enrichment broths (Rappaport-Vassiliadis, Rappaport Vassiliadis broth with Soya [RVS], and Muller Kauffmann Tetrathionate novobiocin broth [MKTTn]) were evaluated. If a migration zone was present on the semi-solid media, a loopful was taken both near the inoculation drop and at the edge of the migration zone and streaked on a Xylose Lysine Desoxycholate (XLD) agar plate. Each enrichment broth was streaked on XLD, and three presumptive colonies were further examined. Detection rate was calculated, and isolates were, after serotyping, genotyped by performing pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The overall frequency of Salmonella isolated in at least one of the six different media was 15.5% (71/458). No significant differences in relative sensitivity were obtained within semi-solid media and within liquid media. Semi-solid media showed a significant higher relative sensitivity than the one obtained with liquid media. A relative sensitivity higher than 83.1%, namely of 94.4%, could only be obtained by combining three different enrichment media (MSRV or DIASALM+RVS+MKTTn). In 13.4% of the positive pigs, more than one serotype was found within the duodenum of one pig. In 12.9% of the duodenal contents, different genotypes were found within the same serotype. Differences in serotypes and genotypes were found predominantly within the same enrichment medium. In conclusion, to obtain the highest Salmonella detection rate in naturally contaminated pig samples, MSRV should be used as enrichment medium. However, to obtain a realistic picture of the sero- and genotypes present, different samples per enrichment medium and different enrichment media should be tested.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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