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Front Genet. 2013 Jan 14;3:322. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2012.00322. eCollection 2012.

A Method for Inferring an Individual's Genetic Ancestry and Degree of Admixture Associated with Six Major Continental Populations.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute and the Scripps Translational Science Institute La Jolla, CA, USA.

Abstract

The determination of the ancestry and genetic backgrounds of the subjects in genetic and general epidemiology studies is a crucial component in the analysis of relevant outcomes or associations. Although there are many methods for differentiating ancestral subgroups among individuals based on genetic markers only a few of these methods provide actual estimates of the fraction of an individual's genome that is likely to be associated with different ancestral populations. We propose a method for assigning ancestry that works in stages to refine estimates of ancestral population contributions to individual genomes. The method leverages genotype data in the public domain obtained from individuals with known ancestries. Although we showcase the method in the assessment of ancestral genome proportions leveraging largely continental populations, the strategy can be used for assessing within-continent or more subtle ancestral origins with the appropriate data.

KEYWORDS:

admixture; admixture proportions; genetic ancestry; population genetics

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