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Mycotoxin Res. 2013 Feb;29(1):39-45. doi: 10.1007/s12550-012-0151-x. Epub 2012 Nov 8.

Use of response surface methodology to study the effect of media composition on aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus.

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  • 1Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biochemistry, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062, India.


Aflatoxins are one of the most important secondary metabolites. These extrolites are produced by a number of Aspergillus fungi. In this study, we demonstrate the effect of media components and enhanced aflatoxin yield shown by A. flavus using response surface methodology in response to different nutrients. Different components of a chemically defined media that influence the aflatoxin production were monitored using Plackett-Burman experimental design and further optimized by Box-Behnken factorial design of response surface methodology in liquid culture. Interactions were studied with five variables, namely sorbitol, fructose, ammonium sulfate, KH(2)PO(4), and MgSO(4).7H(2)O. Maximum aflatoxin production was envisaged in medium containing 4.94 g/l sorbitol, 5.56 g/l fructose, 0.62 g/l ammonium sulfate, 1.33 g/l KH(2)PO(4), and 0.65 g/l MgSO(4)·7H(2)O using response surface plots and the point prediction tool of the DESIGN EXPERT 8.1.0 (Stat-Ease, USA) software. However, a production of 5.25 μg/ml aflatoxin production was obtained, which was in agreement with the prediction observed in verification experiment. The other component (MgSO(4).7H(2)O) was found to be an insignificant variable.

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