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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 May;87(9):3542-6.

Molecular cloning of cDNA for the carcinoma-associated antigen GA733-2.

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  • 1Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia, PA 19104.


Defined by monoclonal antibody GA733, the GA733-2 antigen is a cell surface 40-kDa glycoprotein associated with human carcinomas of various origins. Molecular clones for the GA733-2 antigen were isolated from a colorectal carcinoma cell line cDNA library using the high-efficiency COS cell expression system. A 1.4-kilobase cDNA species was enriched by immunoselection with monoclonal antibody. The authenticity of individual clones was established by immunologic and sequence criteria. At the amino acid sequence level, GA733-2 was found to be greater than 99% identical to the previously described KSA antigen defined by monoclonal antibody KS1/4. The amino acid sequence derived from the previously described GA733-related gene, GA733-1, was found to be 49% identical to GA733-2. The positions of 12 cysteine residues in the extracellular domains of the two GA733 antigens are conserved, as is the overall distribution of hydrophobic and hydrophilic residues. A 1.45-kilobase transcript of the GA733-2/KSA gene was found to be expressed in cell lines derived from colorectal and pancreatic carcinoma.

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