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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 Mar 15;394:124-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2012.12.003. Epub 2012 Dec 17.

Block copolymer-mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solutions: segment effect on gold ion reduction, stabilization, and particle morphology.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano 380-8553, Japan. tsakai@shinshu-u.ac.jp

Abstract

We report here on the segment effects of poly(ethylene oxide)-containing block copolymers (PEO-BCP) on the reduction activity for tetrachloride gold(III) ([AuCl(4)](-)), interfacial activity for gold surface, colloidal stability, and morphology of gold nanoparticles formed in aqueous solutions. In particular, the effects of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly(propylene oxide) (PPO), polyethylene (PE) segments and amino group (NH(2)) on the rate of [AuCl(4)](-) reduction, adsorption of PEO-BCP onto gold surface, colloidal stability, and morphology of gold nanoparticles formed in aqueous solutions were examined using a poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide) triblock copolymer (PEO-PPO-PEO, Pluronic L44), an amino-terminated poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide) block copolymer (PEO-PPO-NH(2), SURFONAMINE® L-207), a poly(ethylene oxide) homopolymer (PEO, poly(ethylene glycol)2000), and a polyethylene-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymer (PE-PEO). We found that the reduction activity of PEO-BCP for [AuCl(4)](-) became higher with the order of PEO-PPO-NH(2)<PE-PEO<PEO<PEO-PPO-PEO. The interfacial activity (affinity) of PEO-BCP for gold surface increased with the order of PEO<PE-PEO<PEO-PPO-PEO≪PEO-PPO-NH(2). Consequently, the colloidal stability of gold nanoparticles formed in aqueous PEO-PPO-NH(2) solutions was extremely high compared with that in PEO, PEO-PPO-PEO, and PE-PEO solutions. In addition, the size of gold nanoparticles formed in aqueous PEO-PPO-NH(2) solutions was much smaller than that in aqueous solutions of PEO-PPO-PEO, PEO or PE-PEO.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23332370
[PubMed]
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