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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1990 Apr;341(4):288-94.

Differential effects of calcium channel antagonists (omega-conotoxin GVIA, nifedipine, verapamil) on the electrically-evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine from the myenteric plexus, phrenic nerve and neocortex of rats.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

Electrically-evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine from autonomic neurons (myenteric plexus), motoneurons (phrenic nerve) and the central nervous system (neocortex) was investigated in the presence and absence of the calcium channel antagonists omega-conotoxin GVIA, nifedipine and verapamil, whereby the same species (rat) was used in all experiments. Release of [3H]acetylcholine was measured after incubation of the tissue with [3H]choline. omega-Conotoxin GVIA markedly reduced (70%) the evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine from the myenteric plexus of the small intestine (IC50: 0.7 nmol/l) with a similar potency at 3 and 10 Hz stimulation. An increase in the extracellular calcium concentration attenuated the inhibitory effect of omega-conotoxin GVIA. Release of [3H]acetylcholine from the rat neocortex was also inhibited (90%) by omega-conotoxin GVIA, but the potency was 19-fold lower (IC50: 13 nmol/l). However, the release of [3H]acetylcholine from the phrenic nerve was not reduced by omega-conotoxin GVIA (100 nmol/l) at 1.8 mmol/l calcium (normal concentration), whereas omega-conotoxin GVIA inhibited evoked [3H]acetylcholine release by 47% at 0.9 mmol/l calcium. Neither nifedipine (0.1 and 1 mumol/l) nor verapamil (0.1, 1 and 10 mumol/l) modified the evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine from the myenteric plexus and the phrenic nerve. Acetylcholine release from different neurons appears to be regulated by different types of calcium channels. N-type channels play the dominant role in regulating acetylcholine release from both the myenteric plexus and the neocortex, whereas acetylcholine release from motor nerves is regulated by calcium channel(s) not yet characterized.

PMID:
2333100
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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