Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 1990 May 15;144(10):3693-700.

Human alveolar macrophage FcR-mediated cytotoxicity. Heteroantibody- versus conventional antibody-mediated target cell lysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 14642.


Human alveolar macrophage have three distinct receptors for IgG: FcRI, FcRII, and FcRIII. In order to compare the ability of these receptors to mediate target cell lysis, three different assay systems were examined. First, we studied lysis of chicken E (CE) opsonized with heteroantibodies, which are synthetic antibodies composed of Fab fragments with anti-FcR activity covalently linked to Fab fragments with anti-CE activity. We found alveolar macrophage readily lysed heteroantibody-opsonized CE via each of the three FcR classes (FcRI, 20 +/- 5%; FcRII, 27 +/- 7%; and FcRIII, 13 +/- 13%, p less than 0.05). Non-FcR-dependent lysis of anti-beta 2-microglobulin x anti-CE heteroantibody-opsonized CE was not detected. Second, lysis of hybridoma cell lines bearing anti-FcR antibodies on their cell surface was examined to assess killing of "tumor-like" target cells. Whereas peripheral blood monocytes and lymphocytes were able to lyse hybridoma cell lines bearing surface anti-FcR mAb, alveolar macrophages were not. Third, activity of alveolar macrophage FcR was examined in a conventional antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity assay by using O+ (R1,R2) human RBC opsonized with human anti-D and anti-CD serum as target cells. We found lysis of anti-D and anti-CD opsonized human RBC was mediated exclusively via FcRI. No activity of FcRII or FcRIII was detected in these latter assays even if performed under conditions that impair FcRI activity. Thus, all three FcR present on alveolar macrophage mediate lysis of heteroantibody-opsonized CE; in contrast, with the use of a conventional antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity assay, only FcRI activity was detected. We were unable to demonstrate lysis of anti-FcR-bearing hybridoma cell lines by alveolar macrophages.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk