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J Clin Neurol. 2012 Dec;8(4):271-5. doi: 10.3988/jcn.2012.8.4.271. Epub 2012 Dec 21.

Mutation Screening of the γ-Aminobutyric Acid Type-A Receptor Subunit γ2 Gene in Korean Patients with Childhood Absence Epilepsy.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Since the γ-aminobutyric acid type-A receptor subunit γ2 gene (GABRG2) mutation was discovered in an Australian family with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) and febrile convulsions, a few screening studies for the GABRG2 mutation have been conducted in sporadic individuals with CAE from other ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the previously reported genetic mutations and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of GABRG2 can be reproduced in sporadic Korean individuals with CAE, compared to healthy Korean individuals.

METHODS:

Thirty-five children with CAE in Chonnam National University Hospital and healthy controls (n=207) were enrolled, and the medical records of patients with CAE were reviewed. CAE was diagnosed according to the Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy. All nine exons of GABRG2 were directly sequenced. In addition, the two SNPs found in our CAE patients were analyzed: C315T in exon 3 (E3) and C588T in exon 5 (E5). The frequencies of the two SNPs in the CAE patients were compared with data from healthy controls (for E3 and E5) and from previously reported Korean population data (only for E3).

RESULTS:

No mutation of GABRG2 was found in our CAE patients. In addition, the allele and genotype frequencies of the two polymorphisms did not differ significantly between CAE patients, healthy controls, and the Korean general population (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study of sporadic Korean individuals with CAE found no evidence that GABRG2 contributes to the genetic basis of CAE.

KEYWORDS:

GABAA receptor gamma subunit; absence epilepsy; child

PMID:
23323135
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3540286
Free PMC Article
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