Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Chem Theory Comput. 2012 Jun 12;8(6):2012-2022. Epub 2012 May 1.

Comparison of Molecular Dynamics with Classical Density Functional and Poisson-Boltzmann Theories of the Electric Double Layer in Nanochannels.

Author information

  • 1Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California, United States.


Comparisons are made among Molecular Dynamics (MD), Classical Density Functional Theory (c-DFT), and Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) modeling of the electric double layer (EDL) for the nonprimitive three component model (3CM) in which the two ion species and solvent molecules are all of finite size. Unlike previous comparisons between c-DFT and Monte Carlo (MC), the present 3CM incorporates Lennard-Jones interactions rather than hard-sphere and hard-wall repulsions. c-DFT and MD results are compared over normalized surface charges ranging from 0.2 to 1.75 and bulk ion concentrations from 10 mM to 1 M. Agreement between the two, assessed by electric surface potential and ion density profiles, is found to be quite good. Wall potentials predicted by PB begin to depart significantly from c-DFT and MD for charge densities exceeding 0.3. Successive layers are observed to charge in a sequential manner such that the solvent becomes fully excluded from each layer before the onset of the next layer. Ultimately, this layer filling phenomenon results in fluid structures, Debye lengths, and electric surface potentials vastly different from the classical PB predictions.

Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk