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Trends Genet. 2013 May;29(5):280-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2012.12.002. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Mobile element biology: new possibilities with high-throughput sequencing.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Human Genetic Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.


Mobile elements comprise more than half of the human genome, but until recently their large-scale detection was time consuming and challenging. With the development of new high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies, the complete spectrum of mobile element variation in humans can now be identified and analyzed. Thousands of new mobile element insertions (MEIs) have been discovered, yielding new insights into mobile element biology, evolution, and genomic variation. Here, we review several high-throughput methods, with an emphasis on techniques that specifically target MEIs in humans. We highlight recent applications of these methods in evolutionary studies and in the analysis of somatic alterations in human normal and tumor tissues.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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