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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013 May;100(2):145-61. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2012.12.016. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Problem solving interventions for diabetes self-management and control: a systematic review of the literature.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Abstract

AIMS:

Problem solving is deemed a core skill for patient diabetes self-management education. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine the published literature on the effect of problem-solving interventions on diabetes self-management and disease control.

DATA SOURCES:

We searched PubMed and PsychINFO electronic databases for English language articles published between November 2006 and September 2012. Reference lists from included studies were reviewed to capture additional studies.

STUDY SELECTION:

Studies reporting problem-solving intervention or problem solving as an intervention component for diabetes self-management training and disease control were included. Twenty-four studies met inclusion criteria.

DATA EXTRACTION:

Study design, sample characteristics, measures, and results were reviewed.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

Sixteen intervention studies (11 adult, 5 children/adolescents) were randomized controlled trials, and 8 intervention studies (6 adult, 2 children/adolescents) were quasi-experimental designs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Studies varied greatly in their approaches to problem-solving use in patient education. To date, 36% of adult problem-solving interventions and 42% of children/adolescent problem-solving interventions have demonstrated significant improvement in HbA1c, while psychosocial outcomes have been more promising. The next phase of problem-solving intervention research should employ intervention characteristics found to have sufficient potency and intensity to reach therapeutic levels needed to demonstrate change.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23312614
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3633671
Free PMC Article
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