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Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19(4):666-72.

Intrastriatal pre-treatment with L-NAME protects rats from diquat neurotoxcity.

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  • 1Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade University, Belgrade, Serbia. mirjana.djukic@pharmacy.bg.ac.rs

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Contact herbicide diquat (DQ), redox cycling compound, mediates its systemic toxicity throughout the enlarged production of free radicals. Target organs are liver and kidney in humans. To-date, the mechanism of DQ-induced neurotoxicity has not been rationalized.

OBJECTIVE:

The objectives of the study were to examine the ability of DQ to induce oxidative stress (OS) and/or nitrosative stress (NS) upon intrastriatal (i.s.) administration and to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO(x)) using NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a non-selective inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the pretreatment of DQ i.s. administration.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The experiment was conducted on Wistar rats, randomly divided in experimental groups, receiving different treatments i.s. applied. Parameters of OS/NS such as: superoxide anion radical (O(2)(•-)), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitrates (NO(3)(-)) were measured in the cortex (bilaterally), at 30(th) min, 24 hours and 7 days after the treatments.

RESULTS:

Lethargy and high mortality rate were observed only in the DQ group (within 24 hours and 2-3 hours, respectively) after awakening from anesthesia. Markedly increased production of NO(x) and O(2)(•-) along with elevated lipid peroxidation altogether contributed to DQ neurotoxicity. The most importantly, the L-NAME i.s. pretreatment protected treated animals from dying and diminished OS/NS response against DQ-induced neurotoxicity.

CONCLUSION:

The i.s. pretreatment with L-NAME resulted in neuroprotection against DQ neurotoxity, based on animal survival and reduced LPO in the cortex.

PMID:
23311786
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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