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Adv Perit Dial. 2012;28:56-9.

Cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients.

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  • 1Cardiovascular Medicine Division, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65212, USA.


In their broad spectrum, cardiovascular diseases are, collectively, the major cause of death in patients on dialysis. The population of patients treated with peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis are not only subject to the traditional risk factors for heart disease, but also to certain uremia-associated risk factors that are unique in this population. In the dialysis population, data regarding the effectiveness of routine pharmacologic and procedural interventions on cardiovascular outcomes are limited. Most dialysis patients are excluded from clinical trials, and so data from randomized controlled trials investigating outcomes in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis are almost absent. In this review, we discuss some of the major cardiovascular problems in the dialysis population, the impact of those problems on survival, and when data are available, the impact of therapeutic strategies.

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