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Chem Asian J. 2013 Mar;8(3):653-64. doi: 10.1002/asia.201201099. Epub 2013 Jan 10.

Tuning optical properties of Si quantum dots by π-conjugated capping molecules.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Chonnam National Univeristy, 500-757 Gwangju, Republic of Korea.


The absorption and photoluminescence (PL) properties of silicon quantum dots (QDs) are greatly influenced by their size and surface chemistry. Herein, we examined the optical properties of three Si QDs with increasing σ-π conjugation length: octyl-, (trimethylsilyl)vinyl-, and 2-phenylvinyl-capped Si QDs. The PL photon energy obtained from as-prepared samples decreased by 0.1-0.3 eV, while the PL excitation (PLE) extended from 360 nm (octyl-capped Si QDs) to 400 nm (2-phenylvinyl-capped Si QDs). A vibrational PL feature was observed in all samples with an energy separation of about 0.192±0.013 eV, which was explained based on electron-phonon coupling. After soft oxidization through drying, all samples showed blue PL with maxima at approximately 410 nm. A similar high-energy peak was observed with the bare Si QD sample. The changes in the optical properties of Si QDs were mainly explained by the formation of additional states arising from the strong σ-π conjugation and QD oxidation.

Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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