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Rev Gastroenterol Peru. 2012 Oct-Dec;32(4):394-9.

[Molecular and genetic features of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST)].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Centro de Genética y Biología Molecular (CGBM), Universidad San Martín de Porres (USMP), Lima, Perú.


Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal neoplasms typically arising in the stomach, small intestine, colon, and other sites in the abdominal cavity and its identification has improved dramatically mainly due to better criteria in its detection. Most GISTs tumors harbor activating mutations in the tyrosine kinase receptor c-KIT or platelet derived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFRA). Those mutations are restricted to a few regions corresponding to important functional domains of c-KIT or PDGFRA. Upto 70% of cases are due to mutations in exon 11 of c-KIT corresponding to its juxtamembrane region of the receptor. The location and type of mutation will differentially determine the development of the disease, its prognosis and the response to inhibitors of tyrosine kinases as Imanatib. For this reason, genotyping c-KIT and PDGFRA is important for GIST diagnosis and assessment of sensitivity to tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

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