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AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2012;2012:291-300. Epub 2012 Nov 3.

Ontological approach for safe and effective polypharmacy prescription.

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  • 1Division of Biomedical Informatics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.

Abstract

The intake of multiple medications in patients with various medical conditions challenges the delivery of medical care. Initial empirical studies and pilot implementations seem to indicate that generic safe and effective multi-drug prescription principles could be defined and reused to reduce adverse drug events and to support compliance with medical guidelines and drug formularies. Given that ontologies are known to provide well-principled, sharable, setting-independent and machine-interpretable declarative specification frameworks for modeling and reasoning on biomedical problems, we explore here their use in the context of multi-drug prescription. We propose an ontology for modeling drug-related knowledge and a repository of safe and effective generic prescription principles. To test the usability and the level of granularity of the developed ontology-based specification models and heuristic we implemented a tool that computes the complexity of multi-drug treatments, and a decision aid to check the safeness and effectiveness of prescribed multi-drug treatments.

PMID:
23304299
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3540569
Free PMC Article
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