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Nano Lett. 2013 Feb 13;13(2):358-63. doi: 10.1021/nl303321g. Epub 2013 Jan 11.

Large and tunable photothermoelectric effect in single-layer MoS2.

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  • 1Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft, The Netherlands.


We study the photoresponse of single-layer MoS(2) field-effect transistors by scanning photocurrent microscopy. We find that, unlike in many other semiconductors, the photocurrent generation in single-layer MoS(2) is dominated by the photothermoelectric effect and not by the separation of photoexcited electron-hole pairs across the Schottky barriers at the MoS(2)/electrode interfaces. We observe a large value for the Seebeck coefficient for single-layer MoS(2) that by an external electric field can be tuned between -4 × 10(2) and -1 × 10(5) μV K(-1). This large and tunable Seebeck coefficient of the single-layer MoS(2) paves the way to new applications of this material such as on-chip thermopower generation and waste thermal energy harvesting.

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