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East Mediterr Health J. 2012 Nov;18(11):1091-6.

WHO/INRUD drug prescribing indicators at primary health care centres in Eastern province, Saudi Arabia.

Author information

  • 1College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia. aelmahalli90@gmail.com

Abstract

Appropriate use of drugs is an essential element in achieving quality of health and medical care for patients and the community as a whole. This study aimed to measure the drug prescribing performance of primary health care centres in Eastern province, Saudi Arabia, using the WHO/International Network of Rational Use of Drugs core drug prescribing indicators. In a retrospective cohort study 10 health centres were selected using systematic random sampling. A total of 1000 prescribing encounters were investigated from January to December 2010. Mean values were: number of drugs per encounter 2.4 (optimal < or = 3), drugs prescribed by generic name 61.2% (optimal 100%), encounters with antibiotic prescribed 32.2% (optimal < or = 30%), encounters with injection prescribed 2% (optimal < or = 10%) and drugs prescribed from the national essential drugs list or facility formulary 99.2% (optimal 100%). An overall index of rational drug prescribing was calculated and applied to rank the health centres for benchmarking.

PMID:
23301369
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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