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Biomark Insights. 2012;7:151-7. doi: 10.4137/BMI.S10815. Epub 2012 Dec 12.

Variants in the Signaling Protein TSAd are Associated with Susceptibility to Ovarian Cancer in BRCA1/2 Negative High Risk Families.

Author information

  • 1Program in Molecular Imaging and Biomarkers, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit MI. ; Department of Oncology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit MI.

Abstract

A substantial fraction of familial ovarian cancer cases cannot be attributed to specific genetic factors. The discovery of additional susceptibility genes will permit a more accurate assessment of hereditary cancer risk and allow for monitoring of predisposed women in order to intervene at the earliest possible stage. We focused on a population with elevated familial breast and ovarian cancer risk. In this study, we identified a SNP rs926103 whose minor allele is associated with predisposition to ovarian but not breast cancer in a Caucasian high-risk population without BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. We have found that the allelic variation of rs926103, which alters amino acid 52 of the encoded protein SH2D2A/TSAd, results in differences in the activity of this protein involved in multiple signal transduction pathways, including regulation of immune response, tumor vascularization, cell growth, and differentiation. Our observation provides a novel candidate genetic biomarker of elevated ovarian cancer risk in members of high-risk families without BRCA1/2 mutations, as well as a potential therapeutic target, TSAd.

KEYWORDS:

cancer genetics; familial cancer predisposition; ovarian cancer; signaling pathway; single nucleotide polymorphism

PMID:
23300341
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3528110
Free PMC Article

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