Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Contemp Clin Trials. 2013 Mar;34(2):326-35. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2012.12.009. Epub 2013 Jan 6.

Nutrigenetic response to omega-3 fatty acids in obese asthmatics (NOOA): rationale and methods.

Author information

  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, FL, USA. jelang@nemours.org

Abstract

Uncontrolled asthma is a major cause of hospitalizations and emergency room visits. Factors including obesity, African ancestry and childhood are associated with increased asthma severity. Considering the high morbidity caused by asthma, relatively few classes of drugs exist to control this common disease. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies may be needed to reduce asthma's impact on public health. Data suggest that a high fat diet that is deficient in omega-3 fatty acids could promote both obesity and excessive inflammation, resulting in greater asthma severity. Small trials with supplemental omega-3 fatty acids have been conducted with encouraging but inconsistent results. The variability in response seen in past trials may be due to the past subjects' genetics (specifically ALOX5 rs59439148) or their particular asthma phenotypes. Therefore, the "Nutrigenetic response to Omega-3 Fatty acids in Obese Asthmatics (NOOA)" trial is currently underway and was designed as a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled intervention study to determine if supplemental omega-3 fatty acids improves symptoms among obese adolescents and young adults with uncontrolled asthma. Here we report the design and rationale for the NOOA trial. Participants were given either 3.18 g daily of eicosapentaenoic acid and 822 mg daily docosahexaenoic acid, or matched control soy oil, for 24 weeks. Change in the asthma control questionnaire score was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included spirometry, impulse oscillometry, exacerbation rate, airway biomarkers, systemic inflammation, leukotriene biosynthesis and T-lymphocyte function. NOOA may lead to a new therapeutic treatment strategy and greater understanding of the mechanistic role of diet in the pathogenesis of asthma.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23298524
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3638234
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk