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Anal Chem. 2013 Feb 5;85(3):1447-53. doi: 10.1021/ac303462u. Epub 2013 Jan 17.

Directly functionalizable surface platform for protein arrays in undiluted human blood plasma.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, United States.

Abstract

Protein arrays are a high-throughput approach for proteomic profiling, vital for achieving a greater understanding of biological systems, in addition to disease diagnostics and monitoring therapeutic treatments. In this work, zwitterionic carboxybetaine polymer (pCB) coated substrates were investigated as an array surface platform to enable convenient amino-coupling chemistry on a single directly functionalizable and unblocked film for the sensitive detection of target analytes from undiluted human blood plasma. Using a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging sensor, the antibody immobilization conditions which provided excellent spot morphology and the largest antigen response were determined. It was found that pCB functionalization and the corresponding antigen detection both increased with pH and antibody concentration. Additionally, immobilization only required an aqueous buffer without the need for additives to improve spot quality. The nonspecific protein adsorption to undiluted human plasma on both the antibody immobilized pCB spots and the background were found to be about 9 and 6 ng/cm(2), respectively. A subsequent array consisting of three antibodies spotted onto pCB revealed little cross-reactivity for antigens spiked into the undiluted plasma. The low postfunctionalized nonfouling properties combined with antibody amplification showed similar sensitivities achievable with conventional spectroscopic SPR sensors and the same pCB films, but now with high-throughput capabilities. This represents the first demonstration of low fouling properties following antibody functionalization on protein arrays from undiluted human plasma and indicates the great potential of the pCB platform for high-throughput protein analysis.

PMID:
23298516
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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