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Cad Saude Publica. 2012 Dec;28(12):2280-92.

[Happiness in the elderly: an epidemiological approach in the ISA-Camp 2008 study].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

  • 1Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brasil. margareth.guimaraes@yahoo.com.br


The objective was to identify factors associated with happiness in the elderly. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted in 1,431 elderly under the ISA-Camp 2008 project. The survey used a two-stage probabilistic cluster sample. Prevalence of happiness was measured over time according to socio-demographics variables, health behaviors, and health conditions. High prevalence of happiness was associated with: marital status (married), active working, activity and insufficient leisure-time activity, occasional consumption of alcoholic beverages, daily consumption of fruit, vegetables, and leafy vegetables, normal body mass index, and sleeping less than 10 hours/night and sleeping well. The highest prevalence of long-term happiness was observed among elderly with no reported illness, with better self-rated health, and with less disability. Happiness was strongly related to health indicators, suggesting the adequacy of complementary use of this indicator for evaluating health promotion programs in the elderly.

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