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[Metabolic syndrome prevalence and clinical features in blood donors].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Maestro en Salud Publica, Hospital General de Zona No 36 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Metabolic syndrome (MS) including obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, etc.. is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It was reported that 15.9% of blood donors showed changes in fasting plasma glucose.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of MS in a population of healthy donors in a secondary hospital.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A cross-sectional study, included 726 healthy donors who attended the blood bank HGZ36. The SM was identified with at least 3 of 5 criteria of the NCEP ATPIII, we applied a structured questionnaire. We determined HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose Abnormal Fasting (GAA), hypertension (SAH), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (NCC). Plan Analysis: prevalence, t student, Chi2.

RESULTS:

Of the 726 donors, 85.1% were male, according to the ATPIII criteria, 54.8% (398) had a GAA, 63.2% (458) had hypertriglyceridemia, almost 17% (121) presented HDL hypocholesterolemia, 44.1% (320) were overweight by BMI, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 54.4%, in comparison by gender, men had a statistically significant difference compared to women, showing an OR = 2.27 (p = 0.0001, 95% CI 1.44-3.60).

CONCLUSIONS:

MS is highly prevalent in this population, which involves implementing preventive measures, changes in lifestyles and identify risk factors to be free from diseases like diabetes, hypertension, obesity and MS itself.

PMID:
23286576
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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