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J Clin Psychol. 2013 Mar;69(3):264-77. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21939. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Trait mindfulness, repression, suppression, and self-reported mood and stress symptoms among women with breast cancer.

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  • 1University of Calgary, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta, Canada.



This study sought to identify relationships between trait mindfulness, repressive, and suppressive emotional styles, and the relative importance of these traits in their association with self-reported psychological health among women with breast cancer.


Of the 277 women with breast cancer accrued in the study, 227 (81.9%) completed a set of questionnaires assessing personality traits, stress symptoms, and mood.


High levels of mindfulness were associated with fewer stress-related symptoms and less mood disturbance, while high levels of suppression were associated with poorer self-reported health.


Individuals' dispositional ways to manage negative emotions were associated with the experience of symptoms and aversive moods. Helping patients cultivate mindful insights and reduce deliberate emotional inhibition may be a useful focus for psycho-oncological interventions.

2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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