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J Clin Psychol. 2013 Mar;69(3):264-77. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21939. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Trait mindfulness, repression, suppression, and self-reported mood and stress symptoms among women with breast cancer.

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  • 1University of Calgary, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta, Canada. rie.tamagawa@albertahealthservices.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study sought to identify relationships between trait mindfulness, repressive, and suppressive emotional styles, and the relative importance of these traits in their association with self-reported psychological health among women with breast cancer.

METHOD:

Of the 277 women with breast cancer accrued in the study, 227 (81.9%) completed a set of questionnaires assessing personality traits, stress symptoms, and mood.

RESULTS:

High levels of mindfulness were associated with fewer stress-related symptoms and less mood disturbance, while high levels of suppression were associated with poorer self-reported health.

CONCLUSION:

Individuals' dispositional ways to manage negative emotions were associated with the experience of symptoms and aversive moods. Helping patients cultivate mindful insights and reduce deliberate emotional inhibition may be a useful focus for psycho-oncological interventions.

2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc

PMID:
23280695
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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