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JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2012 Jan-Mar;52(185):20-4.

People's perspective on access to health care services in a rural district of Nepal.

Author information

  • 1Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. paudel.rajan@gmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Over the past several decades, Nepal has attempted to increase the access of health care services, however progress toward achieving high coverage of health care services in rural communities is still low. Therefore this study attempts to provide a perspective on access to basic health care services in government health facility.

METHODS:

Descriptive cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative methods was designed and applied to identify the access to health care services. The study population were people who were sick within three months prior to the study where basic sampling unit was household. Total sample size was 96 through the application of simple random sampling method. Bivariate analysis with 95% confidence interval was used to identify the association of variables with access to health care services.

RESULTS:

Among the total population, 28% of households in the study area received health care services at government health facility. The reasons for not accessing health care were insufficient drugs (61%), distance (22%), staff unavailability (19%), sickness (9%), money (7%), and facility hours (4%). Sex, ethnicity and distance were found significantly associated with access to health care services.

CONCLUSIONS:

Less than one third of households had access to health care services in government health facility. Addressing the important factors such as drug problems, staff unavailability, long distance to health institutions and inconvenient health facility hours may help to increase access to health care services at government health facility.

PMID:
23279768
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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