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Curr Stem Cell Res Ther. 2013 Jan;8(1):39-45.

New frontiers in regenerative medicine in cardiology: the potential of Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells.

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  • 1Istituto Euro-Mediterraneo di Scienza e Tecnologia (IEMEST), Palermo, Italy.

Abstract

Cardiomyopathies are still the first cause of death in the world. The identification of resident stem cells, comprising those derived from sub-endocardial stroma, suggests the possible self regeneration of the heart under autocrine/paracrine modulation in the cardiac microenvironment. Nevertheless, because of the limited in vivo regeneration potential of damaged cardiac tissue, the use of drugs and ultimately cardiac transplantation remain the common treatments of heart diseases and defects. The differentiative potential of embryonic and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from different tissues (such as bone marrow and adipose tissue) was extensively explored in cell therapy for regenerative medicine. Many groups have been focused, in recent years, on isolation, characterization, and differentiation potential of MSCs derived from perinatal (or extraembryonic) tissues, mainly the placenta and the human umbilical cord. In this review, we summarized recent works about the stemness of Wharton's jelly stromal cells and their potential in cardiac regeneration with favourable use in cell therapy and regenerative medicine. The peculiar features of these cells, as the expression of cardiac-specific transcription factors and immunomodulatory molecules suggest that human umbilical cord may be considered as a reliable alternative source of MSC useful for advanced therapy in cardiac regenerative medicine.

PMID:
23278911
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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