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J Biol Phys. 2012 Jan;38(1):121-52. doi: 10.1007/s10867-011-9242-8. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Structure of the nanobubble clusters of dissolved air in liquid media.

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  • 1A.M.Prokhorov General Physics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilova str. 38, Moscow, 119991 Russia.


A qualitative model of the nucleation of stable bubbles in water at room temperature is suggested. This model is completely based on the property of the affinity of water at the nanometer scale; it is shown that under certain conditions the extent of disorder in a liquid starts growing, which results in a spontaneous decrease of the local density of the liquid and in the formation of nanometer-sized voids. These voids can serve as nuclei for the following generation of the so-called bubstons (the abbreviation for bubbles, stabilized by ions). The model of charging the bubstons by the ions, which are capable of adsorption, and the screening by a cloud of counter-ions, which are incapable of adsorption, is analyzed. It was shown that, subject to the charge of bubston, two regimes of such screening can be realized. At low charge of bubston the screening is described in the framework of the known linearized Debye-Huckel approach, when the sign of the counter-ion cloud preserves its sign everywhere in the liquid surrounding the bubston, whereas at large charge this sign is changed at some distance from the bubston surface. This effect provides the mechanism of the emergence of two types of compound particles having the opposite polarity, which leads to the aggregation of such compound particles by a ballistic kinetics.


Breathing of marine organisms; Nanobubbles; Structure of aqueous media

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