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Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2013 Feb;90(2):264-7. doi: 10.1007/s00128-012-0952-9. Epub 2013 Jan 1.

Dissipation rates and final residues of kresoxim-methyl in strawberry and soil.

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  • 1Institute of Plant and Environment Protection, Beijing Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Beijing, 100097, China.

Abstract

In order to study the dissipation rates and final residues of kresoxim-methyl in strawberry and soil, two independent filed trials were performed in Beijing China. The application rates are set at 195 g of active gradient per hectare. A simple analytical method has been developed for the determination of kresoxim-methyl in strawberry and soil. Kresoxim-methyl residues were extracted with acetonitrile from strawberry and soil samples which is determined by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detection (GC-MSD). The recoveries of kresoxim-methyl in strawberry and soil were observed from 78.9 % to 104.5 % at fortification levels of 0.01-0.5 mg/kg with relative standard deviations of 4.3 %-7.3 %. The reported limits of detection were 0.05 and 0.01 mg/kg for strawberry and soil, respectively. The results showed that kresoxim-methyl dissipation in strawberry could be described as first-order equation with the half-life time of 6.24 and 6.91 days. 14 days later, the dissipation rate is 84.9 % and 83.3 %, respectively. The final residues of kresoxim-methly in the strawberry were in the range of 2.7-4.8 mg/kg at pre-harvest intervals of 1, 3, 5, 7 days which is below the Japan maximum residue limits (MRLs) standards (5 mg/kg in strawberry).

PMID:
23277369
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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