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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2013 Feb;18:181-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2012.11.016. Epub 2012 Dec 5.

Biodegradable Mg-Zn-Y alloys with long-period stacking ordered structure: optimization for mechanical properties.

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  • 1Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016, China.

Abstract

To optimize the mechanical properties for biodegradable orthopedic implant, microstructures and tensile properties of Mg-Zn-Y alloys containing long period stacking ordered (LPSO) phase were investigated. For the as-cast Mg(100-3x)(Zn(1)Y(2))(x) (1 ≤ x ≤ 3) alloys, volume fraction of 18R LPSO phase increases with increasing the contents of Zn and Y. Mg(97)Zn(1)Y(2) alloy exhibits the optimal combination of strength and plasticity. Substitution of bioactive element Ca for Y in the Mg(97)Zn(1)Y(2) does not favor the formation of LPSO phase, but involving the formation of Mg(2)Ca phase. By micro-alloying with Zr as grain refinement agent, morphology of α-Mg in the Mg(96.83)Zn(1)Y(2)Zr(0.17) alloy is changed into the equiaxial shape, together with a significant refinement in grain size to 30 μm. It brings about an improvement not only in strength but also in plasticity, in contrast to the Zr-free alloy. In comparison with the as-cast state, warm-extruded alloys manifest significantly improved properties not only in strength but also in plasticity due to the refinement of α-Mg grain by dynamic recrystallization and the alignment of LPSO phase along extrusion direction.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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