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Am J Vet Res. 1990 Apr;51(4):561-6.

Myoelectric activity of the ileum, cecum, and right ventral colon in ponies during interdigestive, nonfeeding, and digestive periods.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square 19348.


Myoelectric activity of the ileum, cecum, and right ventral colon (RVC) was studied in 4 mature ponies. Eight Ag-AgCl bipolar recording electrodes were sutured to the seromuscular layer of the ileum (2 electrodes), cecum (4 electrodes), and RVC (2 electrodes). Myoelectric activity was studied beginning 10 days after surgery. Eight, 60-minute recording sessions were performed in each pony during the interdigestive period, which was the period 3 to 7 hours after the morning feeding. On separate days, food was withheld for 24 hours, and 90-minute recordings were obtained during the nonfeeding period. Ponies were then fed a normal ration, and recordings were continued to obtain data for the digestive (feeding) period. All phases of the migrating myoelectric complex were seen at both ileal electrodes during the interdigestive period, including the periods of no spiking activity (phase 1), irregular spiking activity (phase 2), and regular spiking activity (phase 3). Phase 2 occupied 77% of the total recording time, and the mean duration of phases 1, 2, and 3 was 3.4 +/- 0.2, 12.8 +/- 1.2, and 6.7 +/- 0.7 min, respectively. Frequency of ileal slow waves was 11.8 +/- 0.1/min, and spike burst conduction velocity was 4.7 +/- 0.3 cm/s. A complete migrating myoelectric complex was seen in 11 of 32 tracings (34%) and had a mean duration of 24.2 +/- 2.6 min. The ileal migrating action potential complex, most often seen in phase 2, had a frequency of 4.8 +/- 0.5 spike bursts/h and a conduction velocity of 13.6 +/- 0.4 cm/s.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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