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Am J Pharm Educ. 2012 Dec 12;76(10):203. doi: 10.5688/ajpe7610203.

Active-learning diabetes simulation in an advanced pharmacy practice experience to develop patient empathy.

Author information

  • 1Auburn University Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn, AL, USA. whitlhp@auburn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop and integrate an active-learning diabetes simulation into an advanced pharmacy practice experience to improve pharmacy students' empathy toward patients with diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN:

Students simulated the experience of having diabetes mellitus by conducting activities commonly prescribed to those with this disease state for 7 days, after which they submitted a standardized diabetes log and narrative reflection. Interpretive phenomenology design with thematic analysis was used to determine the impact of this experience on the students.

ASSESSMENT:

As shown in student reflections, 95% developed empathy, 97% found the experience beneficial, and 67% improved their ability to relate to and counsel patients. Most (95%) found difficulty adhering to the regimen. On average, students consumed 179 grams of carbohydrates per day and exercised 5 days or 215 minutes per week. Additionally, 69% decided to modify their personal habits to become healthier.

CONCLUSIONS:

Inclusion of the 7-day active-learning exercise greatly impacted student pharmacists' self-reported empathy toward and ability to relate to patients with diabetes mellitus. Completion of this experience may result in long-lasting personal behavior modifications.

KEYWORDS:

active learning; advanced pharmacy practice experience; diabetes mellitus; empathy; public health; simulation

PMID:
23275668
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3530065
Free PMC Article
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