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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2013 Mar;43(3):324-7. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hys220. Epub 2012 Dec 28.

A phase III study of laparoscopy-assisted versus open distal gastrectomy with nodal dissection for clinical stage IA/IB gastric Cancer (JCOG0912).

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  • 1Gastric Surgery Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.


A Phase III study was started in Japan to evaluate the non-inferiority of overall survival of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy with open distal gastrectomy in patients with clinical IA (T1N0) or IB [T1N1 or T2(MP)N0] gastric cancer. This study followed the previous Phase II study to confirm the safety of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (JCOG0703) and began in March 2010. A total of 920 patients will be accrued from 33 institutions within 5 years. The primary endpoint is overall survival. The secondary endpoints are relapse-free survival, proportion of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy completion, proportion of conversion to open surgery, adverse events, short-term clinical outcomes, postoperative quality of life. Only a credentialed surgeon can be responsible for both open distal gastrectomy and laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy.

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