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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Feb 5;61(5):545-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.10.036. Epub 2012 Dec 26.

Predictors of reocclusion after successful drug-eluting stent-supported percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Careggi Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to assess the incidence of reocclusion and identification of predictors of angiographic failure after successful chronic total occlusion (CTO) drug-eluting stent-supported percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

BACKGROUND:

Large registries have shown a survival benefit in patients with successful CTO PCI. Intuitively, sustained vessel patency may be considered as a main variable related to long-term survival. Very few data exist about the angiographic outcome after successful CTO PCI.

METHODS:

The Florence CTO PCI registry started in 2003 and included consecutive patients treated with drug-eluting stents for at least 1 CTO (>3 months). The protocol treatment included routine 6- to 9-month angiographic follow-up. Clinical, angiographic, and procedural variables were included in the model of multivariable binary logistic regression analysis for the identification of the predictors of reocclusion.

RESULTS:

From 2003 to 2010, 1,035 patients underwent PCI for at least 1 CTO. Of these, 802 (77%) had a successful PCI. The angiographic follow-up rate was 82%. Reocclusion rate was 7.5%, whereas binary restenosis (>50%) or reocclusion rate was 20%. Everolimus-eluting stents were associated with a significantly lower reocclusion rate than were other drug-eluting stents (3.0% vs. 10.1%; p = 0.001). A successful subintimal tracking and re-entry technique was associated with a 57% of reocclusion rate. By multivariable analysis, the subintimal tracking and re-entry technique (odds ratio [OR]: 29.5; p < 0.001) and everolimus-eluting stents (OR: 0.22; p = 0.001) were independently related to the risk of reocclusion.

CONCLUSIONS:

Successful CTO-PCI supported by everolimus-eluting stents is associated with a very high patency rate. Successful subintimal tracking and re-entry technique is associated with a very low patency rate regardless of the type of stent used.

Copyright © 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23273395
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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