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Hum Pathol. 2013 Jun;44(6):992-1002. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2012.08.019. Epub 2012 Dec 23.

Signature patterns of human papillomavirus type 16 in invasive anal carcinoma.

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  • 1Univ Franche-Comte, F-25000 Besancon, France. svalmary@univ-fcomte.fr

Abstract

Many studies have reported that most invasive anal carcinomas contain high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs), HPV16 being the most prevalent type. This study aimed to investigate HPV status and cellular biomarkers in invasive anal cancers. HPV genotype distribution was determined in 76 anal cancers by the INNO-LiPA assay (Innogenetics, Gent, Belgium). HPV16-positive samples were then tested for viral load and physical state with type-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction targeting E6, E2, and albumin genes. Samples were also subjected to immunohistochemical analysis of p16, Ki-67, p53, and p21. Of the analyzable tumors, 98.6% were positive for α-HPV DNA. HPV16 was the most prevalent genotype (89.0%), followed by HPV39 (4.1%) and HPV33 (2.7%). HPV16 viral load was high, ranging from 2.1 × 10(3) to 1.5 × 10(7) copies/10(3) cells. Integration of HPV16 estimated by the E2/E6 ratio was detected in 77.8% of cases, among which 70.4% were mixed integrated and episomal DNA cases and 7.4% were fully integrated DNA cases. The latter cases were associated with a low HPV16 load compared with cases containing either episomes or mixed integrated and episomal DNA. As expected, most HPV16-positive tumors expressed p16 (92.6%) with a high proliferative index, whereas a minority of them overexpressed p53 (10.3%). p21 expression did not appear to correlate with p53 expression. Although HPV16 was almost exclusively detected, high viral load and differences in DNA integration have been identified in the present series of anal cancers. HPV features assessed in conjunction with expression of cell-cycle regulators could be helpful, as joint biomarkers, in predicting clinical outcome.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23266444
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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