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Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2014 Mar-Apr;42(2):115-9. doi: 10.1016/j.aller.2012.07.010. Epub 2012 Dec 21.

How do patients with asthma and COPD behave during fasting?

Author information

  • 1Ankara University School of Medicine, Department of Chest Diseases, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: mdomuraydin@gmail.com.
  • 2Ankara University School of Medicine, Department of Chest Diseases, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Ankara, Turkey.
  • 3Ankara University School of Medicine, Department of Chest Diseases, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND-OBJECTIVE:

Several factors might affect the adherence to treatment in patients with asthma and COPD. Among these factors, the effect of religious beliefs and behaviours has been less studied so far. In this study, the effect of fasting on drug use behaviours of patients with asthma and COPD were comparatively analysed.

METHODS:

A total of 150 adult patients with asthma and 150 adult patients with COPD were consecutively enrolled into this cross-sectional study. The patients were asked whether they fast during Ramadan and if the answer was yes, they were kindly asked to respond to further questions related to use of inhaled medications during that particular time.

RESULTS:

The majority of the cases from both groups [98 (65.3%) of asthma patients and 139 (92.6%) of COPD] were fasting during Ramadan. The majority of the patients with COPD (n=126; 90.6%) reported that they quitted their regular therapy basis during Ramadan. On the other hand, the majority of asthma patients used their controller inhaled medications during Ramadan and preferred to use them on iftar and sahur times (n=81, 82.6%).

CONCLUSION:

Our results showed that in a Muslim population, the patients with asthma and COPD do not feel their diseases to be an inhibitory factor for fasting during Ramadan. However, fasting seems to be an important determining factor in medication compliance by modifying the drug use behaviours in each group in a different way. Therefore, the patients should be informed about the effects of fasting on their disease and the allowed drugs during fasting.

Copyright © 2012 SEICAP. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma; COPD; Drug adherence; Fasting; Ramadan

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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