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Opt Express. 2012 Dec 17;20(27):28953-62. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.028953.

Nano-Cr-film-based solar selective absorber with high photo-thermal conversion efficiency and good thermal stability.

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  • 1Department of Optical science & Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, Shanghai.


Optical properties and thermal stability of the solar selective absorber based on the metal/dielectric four-layer film structure were investigated in the variable temperature region. Numerical calculations were performed to simulate the spectral properties of multilayer stacks with different metal materials and film thickness. The typical four-layer film structure using the transition metal Cr as the thin solar absorbing layer [SiO(2)(90nm)/Cr(10nm)/SiO(2)(80nm)/Al (≥100nm)] was fabricated on the Si or K9 glass substrate by using the magnetron sputtering method. The results indicate that the metal/dielectric film structure has a good spectral selective property suitable for solar thermal applications with solar absorption efficiency higher than 95% in the 400-1200nm wavelength range and a very low thermal emittance in the infrared region. The solar selective absorber with the thin Cr layer has shown a good thermal stability up to the temperature of 873K under vacuum atmosphere. The experimental results are in good agreement with the calculated spectral results.

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