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Basic Res Cardiol. 2013 Jan;108(1):322. doi: 10.1007/s00395-012-0322-0. Epub 2012 Dec 22.

Cardiac-derived adiponectin induced by long-term insulin treatment ameliorates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in type 1 diabetic mice via AMPK signaling.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, 15 Changlexi Road, Xi'an 710032, China.


Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) portends poor prognosis concerning ischemic heart disease. Adiponectin (APN), an adipocytokine possessing insulin sensitizing and metabolic regulatory effects, has been recognized as a potent cardioprotective molecule. However, the relationship between APN and T1DM remains controversial and the role of cardiac-derived APN in T1DM is unclear. This study is aimed to investigate the dynamic change of both plasma and cardiac-derived APN expressions in T1DM, and the particular role of cardiac-derived APN in T1DM against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. T1DM was established via intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin and followed by twice-daily subcutaneous injection of insulin or vehicle for 14 days. Non-diabetic mice of wild type and APN knockout were subjected to insulin or vehicle injection. MI/R was induced in Langendorff-perfused hearts. Compared to non-diabetic mice, plasma APN levels of diabetic mice significantly increased at 7 days, and slightly decreased at 14 days, while cardiac-derived APN levels gradually decreased over time. The MI/R injury measured as infarct size and cardiomyocyte apoptosis nearly doubled in diabetic mice. 14 days of insulin treatment increased both plasma and cardiac-derived APN levels in diabetic mice and attenuated myocardial injury via increasing AMPK phosphorylation in T1DM, which was partly reversed by Compound C (an AMPK inhibitor). Moreover, APN deficiency aggravated MI/R injury and partly abolished the protective effect of insulin treatment against MI/R injury, which was associated with decreased AMPK phosphorylation. The results suggest that cardiac-derived APN stimulated by long-term insulin treatment in T1DM exerts cardioprotection against MI/R injury via myocardial AMPK activation.

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