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Biol Open. 2012 Dec 15;1(12):1185-91. doi: 10.1242/bio.20122683. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

Standard metabolic rate is associated with gestation duration, but not clutch size, in speckled cockroaches Nauphoeta cinerea.

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  • 1School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland , St Lucia 4072 , Australia.

Abstract

Metabolic rate varies significantly between individuals, and these differences persist even when the wide range of biotic and abiotic factors that influence metabolism are accounted for. It is important to understand the life history implications of variation in metabolic rate, but they remain poorly characterised despite a growing body of work examining relationships between metabolism and a range of traits. In the present study we used laboratory-bred families (one sire to three dams) of Nauphoeta cinerea (Olivier) (speckled cockroaches) to examine the relationship between standard metabolic rate (SMR) and reproductive performance (number of offspring and gestation duration). We show that SMR is negatively associated with female gestation duration. Age at mating is negatively associated with gestation duration for females, and mass is negatively associated with the average gestation duration of the females a male was mated with. In addition to the results in the current literature, the results from the present study suggest that the association between metabolism and life history is more complex than simple relationships between metabolism and various fitness traits. Future work should consider longitudinal, ontogenetic as well as selective and quantitative genetic breeding approaches to fully examine the associations between metabolism and fitness.

KEYWORDS:

Clutch size; Cockroach; Consequences; Energy; Lifetime reproductive fitness; Metabolic correlate; Reproduction; Reproductive output; SMR; Standard metabolic rate

PMID:
23259052
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3522879
Free PMC Article
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