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J Chromatogr Sci. 2014 Jan;52(1):5-11. doi: 10.1093/chromsci/bms197. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Validated stability indicating TLC-densitometric method for the determination of diacerein.

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  • 11Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Al shaheed Shehata Ahmed Hegazy st., 62514. Beni-Suef, Egypt.


This work presents an accurate, sensitive and selective thin-layer chromatography-densitometry method for the simultaneous determination of diacerein in the presence of rhein, the active metabolite and hydrolytic degradation product of diacerein, and emodin, the diacerein impurity, in bulk powder and different pharmaceutical formulations. Chromatographic separation was performed on aluminum plates precoated with 60 F254 silica gel using hexane-ethyl acetate-acetic acid (60:40:0.8, by volume) as a developing system and with detection at 230 nm. The retention factor values of diacerein, rhein and emodin were 0.12, 0.44 and 0.6, respectively. The method was successfully applied for the determination of these compounds with high sensitivity; the linearity ranges were found to be 0.5-10 µg/band (for diacerein and rhein) and 0.5-7 µg/band (for emodin). The developed method was validated according to International Conference on Harmonization guidelines and was applied for the determination of diacerein in different pharmaceutical formulations. Moreover, a statistical comparison between the results of the developed method and those of the reported reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method showed no significant differences. This method can be used for the routine analysis of diacerein, rhein and emodin in quality control laboratories.

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