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Sci Rep. 2012;2:998. doi: 10.1038/srep00998. Epub 2012 Dec 19.

High critical current density and low anisotropy in textured Sr₁-xKxFe₂As₂ tapes for high field applications.

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  • 1Key Laboratory of Applied Superconductivity, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China.

Abstract

From the application point of view, large critical current densities J(c) (H) for superconducting wires are required, preferably for magnetic fields higher than 5 T. Here we show that strong c-axis textured Sr(1-x)K(x)Fe(2)As(2) tapes with nearly isotropic transport J(c) were fabricated by an ex-situ powder-in-tube (PIT) process. At 4.2 K, the J(c) values show extremely weak magnetic field dependence and reach high values of 1.7 × 10(4) A/cm(2) at 10 T and 1.4 × 10(4) A/cm(2) at 14 T, respectively, these values are by far the highest ever reported for iron based wires and approach the J(c) level desired for practical applications. Transmission electron microscopy investigations revealed that amorphous oxide layers at grain boundaries were significantly reduced by Sn addition which resulted in greatly improved intergranular connectivity. Our results demonstrated the strong potential of using iron based superconductors for high field applications.

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