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BMC Psychiatry. 2012 Dec 18;12:231. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-12-231.

The effects of a nationwide program to reduce seclusion in the Netherlands.

Author information

  • 1GGNet, PO Box 2003, 7230 GC, Warnsveld, the Netherlands. fleurvruwink@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

From 2006 to 2009, the Dutch government provided €5 m annually for a nationwide program to reduce seclusion in psychiatric hospitals by 10% a year. We aimed to establish whether the numbers of both seclusion and involuntary medication changed significantly after the start of this national program.

METHODS:

Using Poisson regression to estimate difference in logit slopes, we analyzed data for 1998-2009 from the Dutch Health Care Inspectorate, retrospectively examining the national numbers of seclusion and involuntary medication before and after the start of the program.

RESULTS:

The difference in slopes of the numbers of seclusion before and after the start of the program was statistically significant (difference 5.2%: p < 0.001). After the start of the program seclusions dropped 2.0% per year. Corrected for the increasing number of involuntary hospitalizations this figure was 4.7% per year. The difference in slopes of the numbers of involuntary medication did not change statistically significant (difference 0.5%, n.s.). After correction for the increasing number of involuntary hospitalizations the difference turned significant (difference 3.3%, p = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

After the start of the nationwide program the number of seclusions fell, and although significantly changing, the reduction was modest and failed to meet the objective of a 10% annual decrease. The number of involuntary medications did not change; instead, after correction for the number of involuntary hospitalizations, it increased.

PMID:
23249413
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3538066
Free PMC Article
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