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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1990 Jan;10(1):13-20.

Differential effects of epidermal growth factor and hydrocortisone in human fetal colon.

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  • 1Département d'Anatomie et de Biologie Cellulaire, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

The influence of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and hydrocortisone on the functional development of human fetal colon was studied in organ cultures. Fetal colon (14 to 17 weeks gestation) was cultured for 5 days at 37 degrees C in serum-free Leibovitz L-15 medium alone or supplemented with 1, 10, and 100 ng of EGF/ml or with 50 ng of hydrocortisone/ml of culture medium. The overall morphology of the colonic explants was not altered by the hormonal addition. In the continuous presence of EGF (1, 10, and 100 ng/ml) for 5 days, a significant decrease of [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA was observed. At the brush border level, the addition of EGF induced a significant drop in sucrase, maltase, and alkaline phosphatase activities. These enzymic modifications occurred between the third and fifth day of culture, whereas variation in DNA synthesis was already evident within 24 h. The addition of hydrocortisone at a dose affecting the small intestine (50 ng/ml) did not significantly influence colonic DNA synthesis nor the digestive enzymic activities. These observations show for the first time that EGF, but not hydrocortisone, influences the proliferation and differentiation of human fetal colonic mucosa.

PMID:
2324874
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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