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Ultraschall Med. 2012 Dec;33(7):E233-40. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1313073. Epub 2012 Dec 17.

Rome III subgroups of functional dyspepsia exhibit different characteristics of antral contractions measured by strain rate imaging - a pilot study.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen, Norway. aymen.ahmed@med.uib.no

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Rome III defines two distinct entities of functional dyspepsia (FD), namely epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and postprandial distress syndrome (PDS). We aimed at studying these subgroups of FD by simultaneously assessing antral strain, gastric accommodation and emptying and visceral hypersensitivity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Strain during antral contractions was assessed by ultrasound strain rate imaging in 15 controls and 19 FD patients (8 EPS patients and 11 PDS patients). Gastric accommodation and emptying were assessed using B-mode ultrasonography. Symptoms were assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS).

RESULTS:

During fasting, antral strain in EPS patients (mean±SEM) was 61.4 ± 6.4 %, significantly higher than in controls (47.5 ± 3.3 %; p = 0.042) and in PDS patients (28.6 ± 1.7 %; p = 0.001). PDS patients had lower strain than controls (p < 0.001). Postprandially, EPS patients had higher strain than both controls and PDS patients (p < 0.01) but no difference was found between controls and PDS patients. Compared with controls, PDS patients had significantly larger fasting proximal area than controls (14.9 ± 1.6 cm2 vs. 7.8 ± 0.2 cm2; p < 0.001), whereas EPS patients did not differ (12.1 ± 1.9 cm2; p = 0.057). Gastric emptying fraction (1 - proximal area at 40 min postprandially/area at 1 min postprandial × 100) at 40 min postprandially in EPS patients 46.4 ± 6.6 % was lower than in controls (62.9 ± 1.3 %; p = 0.032), but higher than PDS patients (27.4 ± 5.3 %; p = 0.018).

CONCLUSION:

Anterior radial strain measured by ultrasound strain rate imaging may discriminate between subgroups of FD and healthy controls. This study supports the Rome III classification of FD into EPS and PDS groups.

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

PMID:
23247728
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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