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Shock. 2013 Jan;39(1):83-8. doi: 10.1097/SHK.0b013e318278ae36.

Interleukin 10 antioxidant effect decreases leukocytes/endothelial interaction induced by tumor necrosis factor α.

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  • 1Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Service d'Anesthésie-Réanimation, Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris-Sud, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bicêtre, Université Paris XI, Paris, France.


Little is known about the endothelial mechanisms involved in the anti-inflammatory effects of interleukin 10 (IL-10). The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of IL-10 on endothelial oxidative stress and endothelial inflammation induced by tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in perfused human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was studied by fluorescent microscopy using dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate. Tumor necrosis factor α (1 ng/mL) was added to the perfusion medium in the absence and presence of IL-10 (1 ng/mL). The role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) was assessed using wortmannin and LY 2940002 (inhibitors of PI3-kinase). Specific inhibition of p110 α and p110 γ/δ PI3-kinase subunits was studied using A66 and TG100-115. As well, levels of ceramide and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) expression were measured. Finally, the effect of IL-10 on TNF-α-induced leukocyte/endothelium interaction was examined using an ex vivo perfused vessel model. Interleukin 10 significantly reduced dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate fluorescence induced by TNF-α in HUVECs (12.5% ± 3.2% vs. 111.7% ± 21.6% at 60 min). Pretreatment by LY2940002 or wortmannin restored ROS production induced by TNF-α in the presence of IL-10. In HUVECs treated by TNF-α + IL-10, inhibition of p110 α PI3-kinase subunit significantly increased ROS production, whereas p110 γ/δ inhibition did not have a significant effect. Pretreatment with IL-10 significantly decreased TNF-α-induced increased levels of ceramide (TNF-α vs. TNF-α + IL-10: 6,278 ± 1,013 vs. 1,440 ± 130 pmol/mg prot), as well as ICAM-1 expression and leukocyte adhesion (TNF-α vs. TNF-α + IL-10: 26.8 ± 2.6 vs. 6.7 ± 0.4 adherent leukocytes/field at 15 min). Interleukin 10 decreases the level of inflammation induced by TNF-α in endothelial cells by reducing the TNF-α-induced ROS production, ICAM-1 expression, and leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium. The antioxidant effect of IL-10 is mediated through PI3-kinase and is paralleled by a decrease in ceramide synthesis induced by TNF-α.

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