Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2012 Dec 19;104(24):1879-87. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djs451. Epub 2012 Dec 12.

Prognostic impact of (18)FDG-PET-CT findings in clinical stage III and IIB breast cancer.

Author information

  • 1Service de Médecine Nucléaire, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Assistance publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 1 Ave Claude Vellefaux, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France. dgroheux@yahoo.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study prospectively evaluated the yield of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)FDG-PET-CT) in patients with clinical stages II and III breast cancer and the impact of PET-CT results on prognosis.

METHODS:

In the course of 71 months, 254 consecutive patients with clinical stages II and III breast cancer (based on clinical examination, mammography, breast magnetic resonance imaging, and locoregional ultrasonography) underwent (18)FDG-PET-CT. The yield was assessed in the whole population and for each American Joint Committee on Cancer subgroup. The prognostic impact of PET-CT findings was analyzed. Tests of statistical significance were two-sided.

RESULTS:

(18)FDG-PET-CT changed the clinical stage in 77 of 254 patients (30.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 25.0% to 36.2%). It showed unsuspected N3 disease (infraclavicular, supraclavicular, or internal mammary nodes) in 40 patients and distant metastases in 53. PET-CT revealed distant metastases in 2.3% (1 of 44) of clinical stage IIA, 10.7% (6 of 56) of stage IIB, 17.5% (11 of 63) of stage IIIA, 36.5% (27 of 74) of stage IIIB, and 47.1% (8 of 17) of stage IIIC patients. Among 189 patients with clinical stage IIB or higher disease and adequate follow-up, disease-specific survival was statistically significantly shorter in the 47 patients scored M1 on (18)FDG-PET-CT in comparison with those scored M0, with a three-year disease-specific survival of 57% vs 88% (P < .001). In multivariable analysis, only distant disease on PET-CT and triple-negative phenotype were statistically significant prognostic factors. The relative risk of death was 26.60 (95% CI = 6.60 to 102.62) for M1 vs M0 patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

The yield of (18)FDG-PET-CT appeared substantial in patients with clinical stage IIB or higher breast cancer. In these patients, (18)FDG-PET-CT provided powerful prognostic stratification.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk