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J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2012 Oct-Dec;26(4):627-39.

Phenotypic characterization of ex vivo CD4+CD25highCD127low immune regulatory T cells in allergic asthma: pathogenesis relevance of their FoxP3, GITR, CTLA-4 and FAS expressions.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Lodz, Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

CD4+CD25high regulatory T (Treg) cells are crucial for immune homeostasis and peripheral tolerance, but their relevance to allergic asthma has not been fully elucidated.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess peripheral blood CD4+ T cells, and CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells expressing phenotypic markers (FoxP3, GITR, CTLA-4, and FAS) in allergic asthma subjects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from 60 allergic asthma (AA) subjects and 30 healthy controls (HC). We examined by flow cytometry, the proportion of CD4+ T cells and CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells as well as the expression of FoxP3, GITR, CTLA-4, and FAS by CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells. Moreover, FOXP3 mRNA expression was measured by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR).

RESULTS:

The absolute number of CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells and the percentages of CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells expressing one of the four selected markers were significantly lower in allergic asthma subjects compared with controls. We observed no significant decreased absolute CD4+ T cell count in the examined groups compared to the control group. Except for GITR, circulatory CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells of severe allergic asthma (SA) subjects showed significantly lower expressions of FoxP3, CTLA-4, and CD95 than did those isolated from mild to moderate asthma (MA) patients. There was no statistically significant difference in the level of mRNA FoxP3 expression in CD4+CD25+ Treg cells between allergic asthma subjects and healthy controls groups, and within the examined groups (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that allergic asthma and the use of glucocorticosteroids are associated with decreased absolute number of circulatory CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells and the decreased frequencies of CD4+CD25highCD127low Treg cells expressing one of the four selected markers.

PMID:
23241113
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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