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Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2012 Jun 30;25(2):59-65.

Acute burn resuscitation and fluid creep: it is time for colloid rehabilitation.

Author information

  • 1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Abstract

Fluid overloading has become a global phenomenon in acute burn care. The consensus Parkland formula that has excluded colloid use, the impact of goal-directed resuscitation, and the overzealous on the scene crystalloid resuscitation combined with subsequent inefficient titration of fluid administration and lack of timely reduction of infusion rates, have all contributed to this phenomenon of fluid overloading, known as fluid creep and recognized only recently, constituting a landmine in modern burn care. Solid evidence is supportive to the fact that excessive administration of crystalloid and the abandonment of colloid replenishment at some point of resuscitation are the major contributors to fluid creep. With available evidence from the literature, the present is a comprehensive review of literature about fluid creep, trying to determine the etiology behind it as well as to propose strategies to control its magnitude and complications, namely through colloid administration amongst other options.

KEYWORDS:

acute burns; fluid creep; post-burn resuscitation

PMID:
23233822
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3506208
Free PMC Article
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