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World J Surg. 2013 Mar;37(3):652-6. doi: 10.1007/s00268-012-1882-8.

Initial experience of single-port laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea. gsdrpark@naver.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Single-port laparoscopic surgery has attracted attention in the field of minimally invasive colorectal surgery. We hypothesized that an experienced laparoscopic surgeon could perform single-port surgery for colon cancer eligible for conventional laparoscopic anterior resection. Our aim was to analyze our initial experience and immediate surgical outcomes of single-port anterior resection.

METHODS:

A total of 37 consecutive patients with presumed sigmoid colonic cancer underwent single-port anterior resection with standard laparoscopic instruments between May 2009 and June 2010. Each operation was performed by one of two experienced colorectal surgeons. A cohort of patients who had undergone conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) for the same duration a year earlier (August 2007 to September 2008) was used as a historical control. Patient demographics and perioperative outcomes were analyzed and compared with those of CLS.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences in mean estimated blood loss, mean length of the resection margin, or morbidity between the two groups, but operative time for the single-port group was significantly shorter (118 ± 41 vs. 140 ± 42 min; p = 0.017). Single-port laparoscopic surgery was successfully performed in 78.4% (29/37) of the patients treated in 2010, and CLS was successfully completed in all of the patients treated the previous year (p = 0.000). The main causes of single-port surgery failure were adhesion and tumor location.

CONCLUSIONS:

Single-port anterior resection is a feasible and safe procedure with immediate outcomes comparable to those of conventional laparoscopy. Further studies are required to determine the feasibility of single-port surgery for colonic tumors outside the sigmoid colon and the long-term outcome.

PMID:
23232821
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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