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J Clin Imaging Sci. 2012;2:65. doi: 10.4103/2156-7514.103055. Epub 2012 Oct 31.

Prenatal Diagnosis of Lethal Multiple Pterygium Syndrome Using Two-and Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Sciences, Santa Casa de Sāo Paulo (FCMSCSP), Brazil ; Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of Sāo Paulo (UNIFESP), Sāo Paulo-SP, Brazil.


Lethal multiple pterygium (LMP) is a series of disorders of fetal formation with a heterogeneous range of manifestations that generally include cystic hygroma, pulmonary hypoplasia, cleft palate, cryptorchidism, joint contractures, fetal akinesia, heart defects, growth restriction, and intestinal malrotation. The prenatal diagnosis of this syndrome is suspected when two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) scan shows several malformations.. The three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) in rendering mode permits the spatial visualization of these malformations, allowing better understanding of this anomaly by parents. We report a case of a fetus in the second trimester with multiple abnormalities suggestive of LMP that were identified using 2DUS, and emphasize the importance of 3DUS in counseling the parents.


Lethal multiple pterygium; prenatal diagnosis; three-dimensional ultrasound; two-dimensional ultrasound

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